How Over-the-Counter Pain Killers Affect Hypertension

enter site What are NSAIDS The most commonly prescribed and over the counter painkillers are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) consisting of aspirin, naproxen, diclofenac, ketorolac, and ibuprofen. These drugs provide analgesic (pain-killing) and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects, and, in higher doses, anti-inflammatory effects. They are usually used for the treatment of acute or chronic conditions where pain and …

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Shoulder Dislocation

The shoulder joint, or glenohumeral joint is a synovial ball and socket articulation. This allows the joint a wide range of movement including: flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, medial rotation, lateral rotation and circumduction. The increased movement comes at a cost of skeletal stability, which is instead provided by the rotator cuff muscles, the long head …

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Norovirus and the “Stomach Flu”

What is Norovirus? Noroviruses are positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to the genus Norovirus within the family Caliciviridae. They are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (diarrhea and vomiting), or the “stomach flu”, worldwide. Genetically, this virus is classified into at least 6 genogroups and nearly 40 genotypes based on viral protein 1 (VP1) sequences. …

Functions of Folate and Folic Acid

follow url Folate and Folic Acid Folate, also known as B19, is a water-soluble vitamin found naturally in foods. Dark green leafy vegetables, like spinach, are among the best sources of this vitamin, however, it is also found in liver, fortified breakfast cereals and other grain products, legumes and in lesser quantities in eggs, dried beans, and …

Secondary Hemostasis: Forming the Blood Clot

Now that the platelet plug is complete, its time for secondary hemostasis to stabilize it. In order to strengthen the weak platelet plug, several coagulation factors and cofactors are required. The stabilization of the platelet plug results in a “coagulation cascade” that ultimately changes the fibrinogen linking the platelets with a crosslinked and more stable …

Pathophysiology of Digital Clubbing (Hippocratic Fingers)

  What is digital clubbing? Clubbing is a clinically descriptive term, referring to the bulbous uniform swelling of the soft tissue of the distal part of the fingers and toes with subsequent loss of the normal angle between the nail and the nail bed. The nail plate is enlarged and excessively curved, with a greater …

Primary Hemostasis

The term hemostasis means prevention of blood loss. Normal hemostasis is a consequence of tightly regulated processes that maintain blood in constant movement inside vessels. When a vessel is severed, several cells, factors and cofactors are activated to prevent the continued loss of blood and to repair the damage. Hemostasis is divided into primary and …

Understanding the Tricarboxylic Acid (TCA) Cycle

http://www.sgomentocomics.com/essay-on-jackie-robinson/ Krebs’s Cycle, also known as the Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle (TCA Cycle), accounts for more than two thirds of the energy (Adenosine Triphosphate or ATP) generated from fuel oxidation. Oxidation (removal of electrons) of fatty acids, glucose, amino acids, acetate, and ketone bodies all generate Acetyl Coenzyme A (acetyl CoA). Acetyl CoA enters the TCA Cycle inside …

All About The Zica Virus

watch History  Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, a member of the Spondweni serocomplex, whose natural transmission cycle involves mainly vectors from the Aedes genus (A. furcifer, A. taylori, A. luteocephalus and A. africanus) and monkeys, while humans are occasional hosts. Clinical pictures range from asymptomatic cases to an influenza-like syndrome associated to fever, headache, …